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生物、动物实验室
详细介绍

生物安全实验室的分级The classification of biological safety laboratory

实验室分级Grade

处理对象treatment object

一级

I

对人体、动植物或环境危害较低,不具有对健康成人、动植物致病的致病因子。

Lower on the human body, plants, animals or environmental hazards, not a causative agent in healthy adults, animal and plant pathogenic.

二级

II

对人体、动植物或环境具有中等危害或具有潜在危险的致病因子,对健康成人、动物和环境不会造成严重危害。有有效的预防和治疗措施。

Medium hazard or potentially dangerous pathogenic factor in healthy adults, animals and the environment will not cause serious harm to the human body, plants, animals or the environment. Effective prevention and treatment measures.

三级

III

对人体、动植物或环境具有高度危险性,主要通过气溶胶使人传染上严重的甚至是致命疾病,或对动植物和环境具有高度危害的致病因子。通常有预防治疗措施。

Highly dangerous to the human body, plants, animals or the environment, mainly through aerosol people infected with a serious or even fatal disease, or pathogenic factor with a high degree of harm to flora and fauna and the environment. Usually the prevention and treatment measures.

四级

IV

对人体、动植物或环境具有高度危险性,通过气溶胶途径传播或传播途径不明,或未知的、危险的致病因子。没有预防治疗措施。

Highly dangerous to the human body, plants, animals or the environment, spread by aerosol means or route of transmission is unknown, or unknown, dangerous pathogenic factor. Prevention and treatment measures.

生物安全实验室主实验室的主要技术指标Technical indicators of the main laboratory of bio-safety laboratory

名称

Grade

洁净级别cleanliness

换气次数

Air change(次/h

相邻房间压差

Air PressurePa

温度

Temperature

相对湿度

Relative humidity

噪声

Noise

dB(A)

最低照度

Minimum Illumination

lx

一级

I

/

可自然通风Can be natural ventilation

/

16~28

≤70

≤60

300

二级

II

8~9

非实验动物时

可回风Non-experimental animals

Return air≤50%

810

-5-10

18~27

30~65

≤60

300

三级

III

7-8

全新风

Fresh Air

1015

主要保护环境:可回风Mainly to protect the environment: the return air30%

-15-25

20~26

30~60

≤60

500

四级

IV

7-8

全新风

Fresh Air

>1015

-20-30

20~25

30~60

≤60

500

 

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